ELECTIVE accompanying URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN TRANSFORMATION

CLIMATE LABORATORY – DESSAU/ CAMPUS

 

Content

This module is designed to enable graduates to understand the phenomena and processes of urban space to flourish or to devastate relative to the influences of ground condition and climate factors. Private and public open spaces are equally considered as bases for counter-balancing negative influences of climate conditions on the urban environment, causing heat islands, draughts or flooding.

 

Aims of teaching

The course aims to teach the understanding of phenomena and processes of flourishing or devastating as a basis for coming to a self-standing position in judging on material, structural and textural conditions of urban open spaces as a framework for built form arrangement and, thus, as a living environment of high or low quality for the health of people, flora and fauna. Being guided for finding the position in judging on the existing quality goes along with a guidance in qualifying the conditions by intervention of urban and landscape design.

 

Course structure

The course consists of a theoretical input and an exercise, applying the input. The input is an in depth introductory lecture about the current stage of research and introductions to methods and techniques for analyzing the campus-area. The exercise is based on reading and evaluating the local maps (google) and local environmental conditions (experience). It seizes the techniques of photo-taking (by an infra-red sensitive camera, indicating heat islands) and – on this basis – creating a digital model of the conditions of the open spaces to refuse or to absorb the rainwater. The mapping of the types of the ground conditions (sealed, open earth, vegetation of which kind, sun influence or shadow …) are to be added by sketches and to be transferred as such into the digital area-model. On this basis, an evaluation of the ground conditions is to be set up, applying general and case-knowledge equally. The evaluation will identify and localize qualitatively which conditions are appropriate for diminishing the risk of heat islands. It will also indicate, which conditions where need to be qualified. Measurements for qualification will be introduced in general, relative to types of ground and built form arrangement, in order to provide a range of options for improving the existing conditions. The exercise will close by completing the digital model with three alternatives for qualifying the campus-area.  

 

Learning outcomes

A final presentation will introduce the elaboration of the exercise, the case-related structure of having analyzed and evaluated the conditions of the open spaces (private and public). It will show the resulting perspective for a qualification of the situation by three alternative which distinguish the values for the environment and for people per alternative. Equally, the effort of investment in terms of the efforts of intervention (by whom?) relative to the results will have to be discussed and to be made transparent

Thus, the final presentation benefits from the learning process working with map-analysis and photo-taking of material, structural and textural conditions, to be evaluated and considered as structural opportunities. The overall learning outcome will result in understanding the conditions for ‘climate-justice’ relative to

-       built form arrangement

-       material, structure and texture of open spaces (ground, including streets; roofs and facades of buildings)

-       influences of the exposition to the sun/ shadows

-       frequent mistakes of implementation

-       the dynamics of use (permanent, temporary)

-       the needs for functionalities (robustness of material)

-       feasibility and sustainability of conditions

-       economic values of comprehensive solutions

-       cultural/ economic value of integrating a monument (Bauhaus) into long term appropriate environmental conditions

 

Form of examination

Delivery of final presentation as the result of the working exercise, guided by individual supervisions (classroom discussion/ Email).

 

EXERCISES: to be supervised in class and also individually by Email: a.haase@raumstruktur.de

 

1.    List the factors of influence on the quality of open spaces for ‘climate-justice’ and equally for socio-cultural value, relative to your home-town experience/ relative to the campus area

2.    Identify and localize private/ public open spaces by map-analysis for the Campus-area

3.    Define the environmental qualities of the open spaces relative to location/ built form, exposition to sun-shine/ wind, vegetation and responsibilities for care

4.    Take photos (infra-red camera) of locations relative to different assumed qualities of locational advantages/ disadvantages.

5.    Compare the results from map-analysis with results from photo-taking

6.    Define needs for qualification per disadvantaged locations by three alternative concepts and strategies for implementation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Session No.

Date

Topics & Sub-Topic with Instructional Objectives

Dessau

1

11th October 2022

Indepth introduction of subject and exercise

2

18th

October 2022

-

6th December 2022

INPUT:  Introduction into content structure, teaching and learning goals, map-analysis and deriving knowledge about options for evaluating and qualifying existing conditions

EXERCISE:  Map-analysis, Site-survey, Digital modelling, Evaluation,

Alternative perspectives/ strategy of implementation

 

7

 

13th

December 2022

EXERCISE:

First presentations of all steps of the exercises

 

8

 

10th

January

2023

EXERCISE:

Second presentations of all steps of the exercises

 

9

24th

January 2023

 

EXERCISE:

Third presentations of all steps of work/ Registration for first exam period

 

10

11th

February

2023

 

Delivery of exercises by email to a.haase@raumstruktur.de

 

By 15th February: Information about 10 selected assignments

 

 

11

1st

March

2023

Presentation of 10 finally selected best assignments

 

 

 

 

Recommended Reference Material:

 

Giddens, A. (1996): Konsequenzen der Moderne. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a. M.

Haase, A. (1999a): Die Entwicklung des Duisburger Stadtraumes. Der Einfluß von Innovationen auf Räume und Funktionen. Stadt-Raum-Innovation, Bd. 2. Dortmunder Vertrieb für Bau- und Planungsliteratur, Dortmund.

Haase, A. (2003a): Gegenwart und Zukunft der Stadtentwicklung in Sachsen-Anhalt. Magdeburg-Halle-Dessau. Perspektiven und strukturelle Rahmenbedingungen zukünftiger Entwicklung. Hochschule Anhalt/BMBF, Berlin/Dessau.

Hillier, B. (1996): Space is the machine. Space Syntax, London.

Lefebvre, H. (1991): The production of space. Blackwell, Oxford.

Lynch, K. (1960): The Image of the City. MIT Press, Cambridge (MA).

Mostafavi, M./ Najle, C. (Hrsg.) (2004): Landscape Urbanism: A Manual for the Machinic Landscape. AA Print Studio, Syles.

Schröder, T. (Hrsg.) (2013): City by Landscape. The Landscape Architecture of Rainer Schmidt. Birkhäuser, Basel.

Streich, B. (2014): Subversive Stadtplanung. Springer, Wiesbaden.

Topos (2010): Landscape Urbanism. Heft 71. Callwey, München.

Waldheim, C. (Hrsg.) (2006): Landscape Urbanism Reader. Princeton Architectural Press, New York [E-Book].

Smith, A. (1776): Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Strahan and Cadell, London.

 

Research Papers/Articles recommended for reading:

 

Haase, A., (2005): Topographies of values: Urban transformation in East-Germany, in: Urban Design International, 10. Jg., S. 115–136.

Haase, A (2005), Gozo – Gozetanian Territories, in: Buhmann, E., Leo, K., Beck-Koh. A., Kircher, W. (eds.), Landsacape Architecture Proposals for Gozo Island, HS Anhalt, p. 26-29

Haase, A. (2004): Verflechtungsräume. In: Nagler, H./Rambow, R./Sturm, U. (Hrsg.): Der öffentliche Raum in Zeiten der Schrumpfung. BTU, Cottbus, S. 154–184.

Haase, A. (2004): Culture of Establishing and Using Space. In: Baukultur. Stadtkultur, Lebenskultur, 8. Jg, Heft 2, S. 21–34.

Haase, A. (2003): „Produktion von Raum“ in Ostdeutschland. Ein Sachstandsbericht. In: Planerin, Heft 2, S. 40–42.

Haase, A. (2003): Spätindustrielle Transformation von Großsiedlungen an Stadträndern. Beitrag zu der Vortragsreihe „Stadtumbau als Impuls für Berliner Großsiedlungen“. Öffentliche Vortragsreihe an der Alice-Salomon-Fachhochschule, organisiert durch Plattform Marzahn-Hellersdorf, 23.10.2003. Berlin.

Haase, A. (2002): Urban structure – Factor of Competitive Regional Economy and Inter-Communal Cooperation. Contribution to the International Conference, in: Markowski, T., Marszal, T. (Hrsg.), Polycentric Metropolitan Regions – New Concepts and Experiences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Committee for Space Economy and Regional Planning, S. 169-186

Haase, A. (1999): Zur Integration von Freiräumen im besiedelten Bereich – welche Leitmotive bieten Planungsrecht und Naturschutzgesetze der Länder? In: RaumPlanung, Heft 84, Dortmund, S. 45–55.

Hall, P. (2000): The centenary of modern planning. In: Freestone, R. (Hrsg.): Urban Planning in a changing World. Spon, London, S. 29–35.

Thompson, I. H. (2012): Ten Tenets and six questions for Landscape Urbanism. In: Landscape Research, 37. Jg., Heft 1, S. 7–26.

Töpfer, K. (2020): Nachhaltigkeit. Vortrag zu den Arbeiten des Instituts für transformative Nachhaltigkeitsforschung. Demografiekongress, 23.-24.09. Leipzig