At first glance, the „Loggia“ of renaissance palaces and the stark terraces of contemporary social housing projects may seem somewhat unconnected. The fantastic skywalks of Lina Bo Bardi and the dystopian streets in the sky of sci-fi movies, the drab „Laubengang“ of countless low budget estates, yes, even the walkways of the typical American highway-side motel share one central characteristic: they provide direct access to rooms and other functional units from an outdoor structure that functions both as a circulation and as a meeting space. Often, one or the other of these functions is more prevalent. 


Undoubtedly, the Loggia as a spatial element has played a major role in the history of urban public life and the concept of “socialization” as both a societal construct and a behavioral act. But how, exactly, has it influenced the way our society has evolved and how we live today? 


Especially in recent architectural and spatial production, the concept of community-oriented outside circulation spaces has taken on new and very diverse forms. We will study a number of these new and future projects to not only examine where and how the typology has evolved, but also to perhaps look into the future to prognosticate how it may develop further!


All of these are examples of a typological continuity that we will examine in this elective. As in all the studio Bundschuh typological electives, we will conduct open ended research and will aim to establish typological connections across a wide variety of cultural, architectural and social phenotypes.


In a series of group discussions, we will sharpen the investigatory focus first. The main focus of the research will be on the combination of the social and the circulation sphere and how these have developed in architectural and spatial character and formulation over time and through different cultures.


After the initial group discussions, which will be „jumpstarted“ by a lecture held by Roger Bundschuh, we will delve more deeply into the selected examples in a series of individual or group case studies. A graphic exercise at the end of the course will round things out. The contents of this will be discussed and formulated in class by the group also (while we may opt for the free graphic product that captures the essence of a certain case study, we may also want to opt for  a more architectural approach where we assemble a catalogue of the most valuable research results as scaled drawings: we will decide this together!)


The class is discoursive and investigatory in character.